Clinical Toxinology Resources Home
 
 
 
Cercophonius squama
General Details, Taxonomy and Biology, Venom, Clinical Effects, Treatment, First Aid , Antivenoms
Family: Bothriuridae
Genus: Cercophonius
Species: squama
Region
Australia
Countries
Australia
 
Taxonomy and Biology
Adult Length ( mm ): 20 mm
Description
Carapace is creamish yellow to orange brown with darker brown variegations. Tergites are creamish yellow to orange brown with broad paramedian longitudinal variegated bands narrowly separated by a sub rhomboidal depigmented median zone. Metasomal segments I to IV are yellowish dorsally with 2 darker brown markings on each segment and ventral surfaces have well developed darker brown submedian and lateral longitudinal markings and median longitudinal markings are absent or vestigial. Metasomal segment V and telson vesicle are yellowish sometimes with some darker brownish pigment. Pedipalps
are yellowish to orange brown with darker brown variegated spotting. Ventral surface and sternites are creamish to pale yellow. Legs are yellow with some darker brown variegated pigment.
Species Map
Small (Approx 20k) version
 
Venom
General: Venom Neurotoxins
Unknown
General: Venom Myotoxins
Unknown
General: Venom Procoagulants
Unknown
General: Venom Anticoagulants
Unknown
General: Venom Haemorrhagins
Unknown
General: Venom Nephrotoxins
Unknown
General: Venom Cardiotoxins
Unknown
General: Venom Necrotoxins
Unknown
General: Venom Other
Unknown
 
Clinical Effects
General: Dangerousness
Mild envenoming only, not likely to prove lethal
General: Rate of Envenoming: Unknown but likely to be low
General: Untreated Lethality Rate: Unlikely to prove lethal
General: Local Effects
Local pain & swelling
General: Local Necrosis
Does not occur, based on current clinical evidence
General: General Systemic Effects
General systemic effects mild and rarely reported
General: Myotoxicity
Does not occur, based on current clinical evidence
General: Coagulopathy & Haemorrhages
Does not occur, based on current clinical evidence
General: Renal Damage
Does not occur, based on current clinical evidence
General: Cardiotoxicity
Does not occur, based on current clinical evidence
General: Other
Does not occur, based on current clinical evidence
 
First Aid
Description: First aid for scorpion stings (in areas where no potentially dangerous species may be found)
Details
1. Reassure the victim. Despite sometimes intense local pain, usually lasting less than one hour, these scorpions are not able to cause major of lethal envenoming and most stings will settle rapidly.
2. Do not apply a bandage or tourniquet, or cut, suck or incise the wound or apply electric shock. Neither the application of local heat or cold are proven as effective.
3. If the victim develops general symptoms or the pain remains severe after one hour, seek medical advice.
 
Treatment
Treatment Summary
Stings cause predominantly local effects of short duration, usually not requiring medical treatment. No antivenom is available or indicated.
Key Diagnostic Features
Local pain
General Approach to Management
Most cases will be minor & not require admission.
Antivenom Therapy
No antivenom available
Antivenoms
No Antivenoms
No images
Find a Reference
Reference Number: