Adnate- lamellae or tubes broadly attached to the stipe.
Adnexed- lamellae partially attached to the stipe.
Amyloid- stained blue by iodine.
Annulus- the ring shaped veil remnant on a mushroom stalk.
Apiculus- a projection at the base of the basidiospores where the spore is attached to the sterigmata, also referred to as the hilar appendage.
Appressed- pressed closely or fitting closely to something.
Basidia- it is the structure on which the sexual spores are borne.
Bulbous- bulb like or having a swelling at the base of the stipe.
Campalanate/campanulate- bell shaped.
Clamp connection- a loop like structure located at the septa of the hyphae.
Clavate- club shaped or having one end thickened.
Concolorous- same colour throughout.
Conifer- a tree with needles or scales such as pine; also called an evergreen.
Convoluted- coiled up to form a twisted shape.
Cortina- a cobweb like partial veil of some mushrooms.
Cuticle-outer skin or layer of the mushroom stipe or pileus.
Decurrent- extending down the stipe of a mushroom.
Decurve (incurve)- bent downwards.
Eccentric- a stipe not attached in the center of the cap.
Ellipsoidal- bilaterally symmetrical with curved sides and rounded ends.
Evanescent- appearing briefly then vanishing.
Farinaceous- covered with mealy flour like particles; also smelling or tasting like fresh flour.
Fibril- minute hair.
Fibrillose- covered with silky fibers.
Fissured- a long narrow opening, a crack or a cleft.
Floccose- covered with tufts of soft cottony hair.
Flocculose- fine cottony.
Fusiform- tapering at one or both ends; spindle shaped.
Glabrous- lacking hairs, warts or scales.
Glutinous- (the layer on cap or stalk) slimy; in wet weather sometimes oozing or hanging from the margin of the cap
Gregarious- a number of fruiting bodies growing in groups.
Hardwood- tree with broad leaves eg. Elm, maple or birch.
Hemispherical- having the form of half a sphere.
Hyaline- glassy or transparent.
Hygrophanous- transparent when wet and opaque when dry.
Hymenium- spore bearing surface such as the gills of a mushroom, pores of boletes, head of morels.
Hyphae- one or more fungal cells, collectively called as a mycelium.
Intervenose- veined in the interspaces.
Lamellae- one of the radiating vertical plates on the underside of the cap of an agaric mushroom; also called gills.
Latex- a variously colored juice; present in Lactarius tissue.
Marginate- having a border or edge with a distinct color or pattern.
Mealy- smelling of fresh grain or having a granular appearance.
Membranous- skin like tissue making up the partial veil of some mushrooms.
Mycellium- collective name for the filaments of the vegetative fungus plant.
Obliquely- slanting to a side, diverging from a given straight line.
Ovoid- egg shaped.
Partial veil- a covering that extends from the unopened margin of the mushroom cap to the stalk.
Pileus- the horizontal portion of a mushroom, bearing gills or tubes on the underside.
Plane- having a flat surface.
Pruinose- covered with a fine powder.
Reticulate- shallow, net like ridges; a series of connected ridges.
Reticulum- is a net like arrangement over the surface of the stipe, pileus or spore.
Rhizomorph- a dense mass of hyphae forming a root like structure.
Septum- cross wall in a fungus cell.
Sinuate- (of gills) notched at the stalk.
Squamules- small scales.
Sterigmata- a small stalk that bears a spores.
Stipe- the stalk or stem supporting the pileus of the mushroom.
Striate- striped, grooved or ridged.
Sulcate- having narrow deep furrows or grooves.
Superior- situated near the top part.
Tapering- a gradual decrease in thickness or width of an elongated object.
Tenacious- adhesive or sticky.
Terete- cylindrical or slightly tapering.
Tomentose- densely hairy, wooly.
Umbo- a blunt or rounded central swelling (on top of a pileus).
Umbonate- with an umbo.
Universal veil- a tissue surrounding the developing mushroom button.
Vinaceous- colour of red vine.
Viscid- covered by a sticky substance.
Volva- cuplike structure around the base of the stalk of certain mushrooms.
Warts- unattached pieces of the universal veil that remains on the cap of some mushrooms; a type of ornamentation on spore walls.
Zonate- having concentric bands or zones of color.